When applying to the Physics Program, the candidate must choose between a bachelor’s degree with focus on teaching (licenciatura) or a bachelor’s degree with focus on research (bacharelado). The first option prepares physics teachers for primary and secondary schools, while the other prepares graduates for a career in research. The two degrees have different curricular structure.
Students can take courses from both degree types, as one holds classes in the afternoon and the other in the evening. This way, after graduating from one of the degrees, they can apply for returning admission to qualify in the second degree.
In both degrees, core courses in General Physics, Calculus and Chemistry are offered in the early stages, accompanied by laboratory practice. By the end of the program, students in the research-focused degree may develop a project in one of the department’s research groups. Students in the teaching degree, in their turn, take specific courses on the Teaching of Physics and engage in teaching practice internships in primary or secondary schools.
All Physics students are encouraged to pursue graduate studies. The master’s or doctoral degree is a requirement to work in research laboratories and institutes and to become a university professor.
The fields of work for the physicist is broad. S/he can find work opportunities in the field of medicine, particularly in the areas of ultrasound and radiation, and in industries, in the development of products and machinery. The Physics Program provides graduates with in-depth knowledge of mathematics and computer science, which expands working opportunities in the field of data processing, among others.
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